In Plato’s Republic, Plato – speaking through his teacher’s voice, Socrates – attempts to unravel the true meaning of justice. Thrasymachus, a willing opponent of Socrates, posits that justice is the tool of the powerful used for gain, among other things, and that justice is only worth practicing for its consequences – gain. After a lengthy account of the merits of injustice, a now enthralled group of listeners eagerly attend to Socrates’ ten book exegetical dialogue to prove that justice is in fact of the highest good, namely that it is not only worth it for its true consequences, but that being just is worth it for its own sake. In order to clarify what justice might look like in the soul of a person, Plato, speaking through Socrates, delineates his perfect city, the kallipolis, which is to serve as a metaphorical representation of the soul, and divides people into three classes: the Philosopher Kings Read more
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